In natural conditions, every woman produces one mature egg in a month If the egg is fertilized it becomes an embryo and pregnancy begins. Otherwise, it will be lost during menstruation. A healthy woman produces in her ovaries from birth around 400,000 oocytes. These oocytes -are an immature form of future eggcells.

Beautiful egg donors

Useful information about donation process

During the reproductive period of a woman's life only one in every thousand of oocytes(in total no more than 400) reaches maturity and then can be fertilized.

Every month, several oocytes simultaneously start the process of their development, which ends the day in ovulation. Only one of them at this point becomes a matured egg, whereas the remaining die out and become useless. This way the female body is prepared for pregnancy, if it is desired. Otherwise that eggcell is no longer necessary, and is removed during the menstrual bleeding.

Egg cell donation is defined as a transfer (anonymous, selfless and altruistic) some egg cells from one woman to another so that other woman could have children.Thus these egg cells come from the natural reserves which are present in the ovaries and usually are never used.

Therefore, egg cell donation, although an actual transfer of one's self to another person does not mean in itself an irrevocable loss of something. You can also say that this is a way to use some of the eggs that a woman wouldn't be using anyway.

Female ovum carries a female set of chromosomes, as well as sperm - a set of male chromosomes. However, each person is a unique and inimitable being, because at the moment of fertilization of the egg such a mixture of the genetic information of the father and mother takes place that the combination of parental characteristics may always come out different.

Additionally, motherhood in itself is a lengthy process, in which a future individual sustains an inseparable link with its mother. During this process, it will receive not just nutrients required for its development, but also an immunological protection against the woman who bears it.

And finally, only the love that parents give a desired in their family child actually causes the development of the individual as personality.

In other words, although the egg cell donation provides basic and indispensable part in the creation of a new being, fertilization by male sperm is also essential, and later, the happy culmination of the whole process of pregnancy, which is, in the end the education of a new being in the family, where he is wanted and loved.

Donated egg cells are the only option for some women to have children of their own. This happens in cases when there is no medical or surgical way, that allows spouses to conceive their own child.

The reasons for which a woman is forced to resort to donor eggcells may be different, but they can be summed up in two large groups: either a woman has no egg cells in her ovaries or the egg cells are not suitable for conception.

Which women do not have their egg cells?

In the first case, the main reason for the lack of egg cells is a premature menopause. It appears earlier than usual and occurs at 15 - 20 years earlier than it is supposed to happen. So in this case menopause occurs in the woman's young age, and if she did not already have offspring, then the only way for her is to resort to donor egg cells, taken from another woman, who is capable of reproduction.

According to epidemiological research, this pathology develops approximately in 5% of women - far more than people (who are not familiar with these issues) think.

In other cases, the cause is of medical nature, as in the case where a woman has her ovaries removed due to the emergence of tumors, for example. After restoration these women, too, can not have children of their own, unless they use donor egg cells of another woman.

In which cases, a woman can not have her own egg cells?

There are certain circumstances under which a woman can not have children, since her own eggs are not suitable for this purpose. We are talking about some genetic anomalies, in which the egg cells are not able to conceive healthy children, because they have a broken chromosomal structure.

In other cases, women are advised not to have children from a medical point of view, because there is some risk of transmitting to offspring hereditary diseases through the maternal line. This occurs in cases of some diseases, such as hemophilia, where the blood clotting is disrupted.

The procedure of egg donation

If desired, any healthy young woman who meets the conditions set by the legislation, may participate in egg donation.

Once the female donor is found, and to carry out the donation, it is necessary to synchronize the menstrual cycles of both women. Therefore, the female donor and the recipient should be at the same stage of the menstrual period, which is achieved by appropriate pharmacological therapy, that makes it easy and effectively regulate the cycle.

Woman donor

In natural conditions, every month a woman's ovaries develop just one egg. Therefore, to ensure the effectiveness of the donation, the donor goes through therapy aimed to stimulate maturation of not one, but several oocytes, as not all ova obtained can eventually be used for donation. Some of them do not develop as needed and do not reach maturity, while others will not be fertilized for reasons yet unknown to science.

Monitoring of the course of therapy is carried out with the help of ultrasound sessions and hormonal analysis. Then, just before ovulation, the produced eggs are taken directly from the ovaries through aspiration under controlof ultrasound.

Female Recipient

As the egg cell can not be stored, it is necessary to synchronize the menstrual cycles of the donor and the recipient so that the time of ovulation of both coincided which favors both, the obtaining oocytes from the donor, and fertilization in the case the recipient.

Therefore, female recipient receives appropriate treatment to prepare the endometrium for embryo adoption. Endometrium - is epithelial inner cover of the uterus, which allows the embryo acclimatise and to consolidate there. If pregnancy does not take place, the endometrium degenerates itself at the end of the menstrual cycle and is removed menstruation.

Premium egg donation and how egg used?

The most common method is the in vitro fertilization (IVF). It is a technology that is most often used at the moment to treat infertility in a sterile family, it consists of cultivating donor egg cells with the sperm of the recipient's female partner in special laboratory conditions.

Subsequently, the resulting embryos are transferred into the uterus of the female-recipient, where in the the case of a successful implantation they will continue them development. Usually, two or three ovum are transplanted because only one of them consolidates itself, and if all goes well, pregnancy develops.

In the case of problems from the man's side (eg, lack of sperm) a frequently used additional method is used, so-called Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). It consists of very precise operation - the introduction of a single sperm into the egg cell under microscope and using special tools. After fertilization, this egg, as in the previous case, is implanted into the uterus of the recipient.

Laws on donation

Thanks to donation, these women can find a solution to their problem, otherwise It would inevitably lead to adoption as the only way to have children.

Egg donation - a procedure authorized by our laws. In particular, there are, among others, two legal document regulating the practice.

Egg donors must be between 18 and 35 years, to be fully legal capable and be in good physical and mental state. The donation must be made in the form of a written contract, after the donor is fully informed about the process. Additionally , the donation must be a voluntary act of the donor without any coercion or deception. Finally, there should be a guarantee of complete anonymity, and all the information will be processed and stored with strictest confidentiality.

If the donor already has children there should not be more than six, and It can not be allowed under any circumstances, that the donor has six children as a result of the donation.

Legal documents also indicate that there should be guaranteed maximum phenotypic and immunological similarities between the available donor and recipient.

How to be in the list of egg donors?

The strong laws in Russia state that an egg cell donor may be women who want it and meet the following requirements:

  • They must be aged 18 to 35 years.
  • to have a good physical and mental health.
  • That they signed a contract.
  • that they have full legal capacity to provide their consent.

To become a donor, you must contact the appropriate institution with a valid donation program, and follow the process, during which all the necessary information is received and a conclusion is made about the physical and mental state of health of the donor.

If you’re considering donating your eggs to a friend, family member or someone else known to you then there are a few things you need to be aware of:

  • Discussing the implications of donating in this way with a clinic counsellor both individually and as a group will help you to identify and consider the benefits and challenges to you, your recipients, and your current and future families.
  • The key donor criteria and process of donating are the same for you as an egg donor donating in a clinic to an unknown recipient although, in some circumstances, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) might waive some of the key criteria.

For this, a female candidate for donors will have to undergo a medical examination, which will include a personal and family history, as well as medical examination for the registration of the following data:

  • Height and weight.
  • skin color (pale, dark).
  • eye color (brown, blue, green, amber, black, etc.).
  • hair color (blonde, light brown, dark brown, black, red, etc.)
  • Hair type (smooth, wavy, curly, and others).
  • blood group and Rh factor (A, B, AB, O, +, -, etc.).
  • Race

Also, all donors will have to perform the following analyzes:

  • Blood group and Rh factor.
  • VDRL or similar test for syphilis.
  • Analysis for hepatitis.
  • Marker screening test for HIV.
  • Clinical studies to detect toxoplasmosis, rubella virus herpes and cytomegalovirus.
  • Clinical studies to identify Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection (Gonorrhea) and Chlamydia tracomatis (chlamydia).

This means that a female candidate for egg donor goes through full free medical and gynecological examination. This examination is needed to guarantee the health of the donor, and it also allows th person to receive specific information about their physical and analytical condition.

Our donors undergo rigorous screening for external features, we choose only the best candidates, whose external qualifications fit us high standards.

In our clinic, you can see the database of the donors and choose a suitable candidate for yourself.


An act such as egg donation, donor brings a sense of deep satisfaction of personal nature, which in itself may already provide the compensation for donating of something deeply private, in favor of others.

In addition, the inclusion in the donation program allows a woman to learn about her state of health, because in order to become a donor egg cells it is necessary to be in good health and to confirm this through surveys and analyzes.

On the other hand, there is also the possibility that the donor will receive payment in natural, or in material form for the inconvenience caused to him during the whole process.

At the request of the donor, this compensation may be transferred to a charitable institution, orphanage or help societyfor women, for example.

Egg cell donation and solidarity

When a woman wants to get pregnant, but she does not have her own egg cells, she may either adopt a child, or to resort to a donor program. If she chooses donation, she will be included in the waiting list, and will have to wait until the other woman donates her egg cells, which can be fertilized with sperm of her partner, and thus eventually, have the desired child.

In this way, a woman can have a child who without donation maye have not been born. Thanks to donation she can get pregnant and fully experience the joy of motherhood, including the process of pregnancy and childbirth.

Donation - is an action of solidarity, because it is anonymous, voluntary and altruistic. It means, the person does not lay claim to receive any immediate gratitude or reward from the person who will use it.

Anonymity ensures the confidentiality of the donor and the recipient, and and thus it helps justify the donation.

Altruism gives donor donation a character of free of charge transfer, for which no reward is expected. This requirement, which is also clearly expressed in the law, warrants the absnse of materealism in the donation and eliminates the possibility of commerce, as well as the access to donation for economic reasons.

Finally, the absolute voluntariness is required so donation does not become the object of coercion or pressure that would be an infringe on the rights of freedom to choice one's actions. It should be clear that the donor is acting on his own free will.